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Project Censored!

Important stories ignored or underreported by mainstream media over the past year


Published September 7, 2005 at 4:00 a.m.

Just four days before the 2004 presidential election, a prestigious British medical journal published the results of a rigorous study by Dr. Les Roberts, a widely respected researcher. Roberts concluded that close to 100,000 people had died in the invasion and occupation of Iraq. Most were noncombatant civilians. Many were children.

But that news didn't make the front pages of the major newspapers. It wasn't on the network news. So most voters knew little or nothing about the brutal civilian impact of President George W. Bush's war when they went to the polls.

It's just one of the big stories the mainstream news media ignored, blacked out or underreported over the past year, according to Project Censored, a media watchdog group based at California's Sonoma State University.

Every year, project researchers scour the media looking for news that was never really recognized as such. The stories involve corporate misdeeds and governmental abuses that have been underreported, if not altogether ignored, says Sut Jhally, professor of communications at the University of Massachusetts and executive director of the Media Education Foundation. The results are published in a book -- this year, it's titled Censored 2006.

"If there were a real democratic press, these are the kinds of stories they would do," says Jhally, who helped judge Project Censored's top picks. For the most part, he adds, "stories that affect the powerful don't get reported by the corporate media."

Can a story really be "censored" in the Internet age, when information from millions of sources whips around the world in a matter of seconds? When a single obscure journal article can be distributed and discussed on hundreds of blogs and websites? When partisans from all sides dissect the mainstream media on the web every day? Absolutely, says Jhally.

These "censored" stories aren't literally censored, per se. Most can be found on the Internet if you know where to look. Some have even received a little ink in the mainstream press. "Censorship," explains project director Peter Phillips, "is any interference with the free flow of information in society." The stories highlighted by Project Censored simply haven't received the kind of attention they warrant, and therefore haven't made it into the greater public consciousness.

"The Internet is a great place to go if you already know that the mainstream media is heavily biased" and you actively search out sites on the outer limits of the web, Jhally notes. "Otherwise, it's just another place where they try to sell you stuff. The challenge for a democratic society is how to get vital information not only at the margins but at the center of our culture."

Admittedly, not every article or source Project Censored has cited over the years is completely credible; at least one this year is pretty shaky (see sidebar). But most of the stories that made the project's top 10 were published by more reliable sources and included only verifiable information. And Project Censored's overall findings provide valuable insights into the kinds of issues the mainstream media should be paying closer attention to. Here are the top 10.

1. Bush administration moves to eliminate open government

While the Bush administration has expanded its ability to keep tabs on civilians, it's been working to make sure the public -- and even Congress -- can't find out what the government is doing.

One year ago, Rep. Henry A. Waxman (D-Calif.) released an 81-page analysis of how the administration has tweaked the country's major open government laws. His report found that the feds consistently "narrowed the scope and application" of the Freedom of Information Act, the Presidential Records Act and other key public-information legislation, while expanding laws blocking access to certain records -- even creating new categories of "protected" information and exempting entire departments from public scrutiny.

When those methods haven't been enough, the Bush administration has simply refused to release records -- even when the requester was a Congressional subcommittee or the Government Accountability Office, the study found. A few of the potentially incriminating documents Bush & Co. have refused to hand over to their colleagues on Capitol Hill include records of contacts between large energy companies and Vice President Dick Cheney's energy task force; White House memos pertaining to Saddam Hussein's "elusive" weapons of mass destruction; and reports describing torture at Abu Ghraib.

The report's findings were so dramatic as to indicate "an unprecedented assault on the laws that make our government open and accountable," Waxman said at a September 14, 2004, press conference announcing the report's release.

Given the news media's intrinsic interest in safeguarding open government laws, one would think it would be plenty motivated to publicize such findings far and wide. However, most Americans are unaware of just how much more secretive -- and autocratic -- our leaders in the White House have become.

Source: "New Report Details Bush Administration Secrecy" press release, Karen Lightfoot, Government Reform Minority Office, posted on, September 14, 2004.

2. Media coverage fails on Iraq: Fallujah and the civilian death toll

Decades from now, the civilized world may well look back on the assaults on Fallujah in April and November 2004 as examples of utter disregard for the most basic wartime rules of engagement.

Not long after the "coalition" had embarked on its second offensive, U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights Louise Arbour called for an investigation into whether the Americans and their allies had engaged in "the deliberate targeting of civilians, indiscriminate and disproportionate attacks, the killing of injured persons, and the use of human shields," among other possible "grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions . . . considered war crimes" under federal law.

More than 83 percent of Fallujah's 300,000 residents fled the city, according to two staffers with the American Friends Service Committee. Men between the ages of 15 and 45 were refused safe passage, and all who remained -- about 50,000 -- were treated as enemy combatants, according to an article by Mary Trotochaud and Rick McDowell in AFSC's Peacework magazine.

Numerous sources reported that coalition forces cut off water and electricity, seized the main hospital, shot at ambulances and anyone who ventured out into the open and executed families waving white flags. They spoke of raiding homes and killing people who didn't understand English, rolling over injured people with tanks, and allowing corpses to rot in the streets and be eaten by dogs.

Medical staff and others reported seeing people, dead and alive, with melted faces and limbs -- injuries consistent with the use of phosphorous bombs.

But you wouldn't know any of this unless you'd come across a rare report by an independent journalist, or known which obscure website to log onto for real information.

Of course, the media blackout extends far beyond Fallujah. The U.S. military's refusal to keep an Iraqi death count has been mirrored by the mainstream media, which systematically dodges the question of how many Iraqi civilians have been killed.

Les Roberts, an investigator with the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, snuck into Iraq in the back of an SUV and conducted a rigorous inquiry into pre- and post-invasion mortality there. The results were published in the Lancet, a prestigious peer-reviewed British medical journal, on October 29, 2004 -- just four days prior to the U.S. presidential elections. Roberts and his team of observers (including researchers from Columbia University and from Al-Mustansiriya University in Baghdad) concluded that "the death toll associated with the invasion and occupation of Iraq is probably about 100,000 people, and may be much higher."

The vast majority of those deaths resulted from violence -- particularly, aerial bombardments -- and more than half of the fatalities were women or children, they found.

The State Department had relied heavily on studies by Roberts in the past. When, using similar techniques, he calculated in 2000 that about 1.7 million had died in the Congo as the result of almost two years of armed conflict, the news media picked up the story, the United Nations more than doubled its request for aid for the Congo, and the United States pledged an additional $10 million.

This time, the response was silence -- and the occasional critique dismissing Roberts' report. No major television news show ever mentioned it.

Sources: "The Invasion of Fallujah: A Study in the Subversion of Truth," Mary Trotochaud and Rick McDowell, Peacework, December 2004 - January 2005; "US Media Applauds Destruction of Fallujah," David Walsh, (World Socialist website), November 17, 2004; "Fallujah Refugees Tell of Life and Death in the Kill Zone," Dahr Jamail, New Standard, December 3, 2004; "Mortality Before and After the 2003 Invasion of Iraq," Les Roberts, Riyadh Lafta, Richard Garfield, Jamal Khudhairi and Gilbert Burnham, Lancet, October 29, 2004; "The War in Iraq: Civilian Casualties, Political Responsibilities," Richard Horton, Lancet, October 29, 2004; "Lost Count," Lila Guterman, Chronicle of Higher Education, February 4, 2005; "CNN to Al Jazeera: Why Report Civilian Deaths?," Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting, April 15, 2004, and Asheville Global Report, April 22 - 28, 2004.

3. Another year of distorted election coverage

Project Censored foretold the potential for electoral wrongdoing in the 2004 presidential campaign: The "sale of electoral politics" was No. 6 on last year's list. The mainstream media had largely ignored the evidence that electronic voting machines were susceptible to tampering, as well as political alliances between the machine manufacturers and the Republican Party.

Then came November 2, 2004.

Bush prevailed by 3 million votes -- despite exit polls that clearly projected Kerry winning by a margin of 5 million.

In These Times reported "Exit polls are highly accurate" in an article by Steve Freeman, professor at the University of Pennsylvania's Center for Organizational Dynamics, and Temple University statistician Josh Mitteldorf. "They remove most of the sources of potential polling error by identifying actual voters and asking them immediately afterward who they had voted for."

The 8-million-vote discrepancy was well beyond the poll's recognized, less-than-1-percent margin of error. And when Freeman and Mitteldorf analyzed the data collected by the two companies that conducted the polls, they found concrete evidence of potential fraud in the official count.

"Only in precincts that used old-fashioned, hand-counted paper ballots did the official count and the exit polls fall within the normal sampling margin of error," they wrote. And "the discrepancy between the exit polls and the official count was considerably greater in the critical swing states."

Inconsistencies were so much more marked in African-American communities as to renew calls for racial equity in our voting system. "It is now time to make counting that vote a right, not just casting it, before Jim Crow rides again in the next election," wrote Rev. Jesse Jackson and Greg Palast in the Seattle Post-Intelligencer.

Sources: "A Corrupt Election," Steve Freeman and Josh Mitteldorf, In These Times, February 15, 2005; "Jim Crow Returns to the Voting Booth, Greg Palast and Rev. Jesse Jackson, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, January 26, 2005; "How a Republican Election Supervisor Manipulated the 2004 Central Ohio Vote," Bob Fitrakis and Harvey Wasserman,, November 23, 2004.

4. Surveillance society quietly moves in

It's a well-known dirty trick in the halls of government: If you want to pass unpopular legislation that you know won't stand up to scrutiny, just wait until the public isn't looking. That's precisely what the Bush administration did on December 13, 2003 -- the day American troops captured Saddam Hussein.

Bush celebrated the occasion by privately signing into law the Intelligence Authorization Act -- a controversial expansion of the PATRIOT Act that included items culled from the shelved "Domestic Security Enhancement Act of 2003."

Specifically, the IAA allows the government to obtain an individual's financial records without a court order. The law also makes it illegal for institutions to inform anyone that the government has requested those records, or that information has been shared with the authorities.

"The law also broadens the definition of 'financial institution' to include insurance companies, travel and real-estate agencies, stockbrokers, the U.S. Postal Service, jewelry stores, casinos, airlines, car dealerships and any other business 'whose cash transactions have a high degree of usefulness in criminal, tax or regulatory matters,'" warned Nikki Swartz in the Information Management Journal. According to Swartz, the definition is now so broad that it could plausibly be used to access even school transcripts or medical records.

"In one fell swoop, this act has decimated our rights to privacy, due process and freedom of speech," wrote Anna Samson Miranda in an article for LiP magazine titled "Grave New World" that documented the ways in which the government already employs high-tech, private industry and everyday citizens as part of a vast web of surveillance.

Miranda warned, "If we are too busy, distracted or apathetic to fight government and corporate surveillance and data collection, we will find ourselves unable to go anywhere -- whether down the street for a cup of coffee or across the country for a protest -- without being watched."

Sources: "PATRIOT Act's Reach Expanded Despite Part Being Struck Down," Nikki Swartz, Information Management Journal, March/April 2004; "Grave New World," Anna Samson Miranda, LiP, Winter 2004; "Where Big Brother Snoops on Americans 24/7," Teresa Hampton and Doug Thompson, www.capitol, June 7, 2004.

5. U.S. uses tsunami to military advantage in Southeast Asia

The American people reacted to the Indian Ocean tsunami last December with an outpouring of compassion and private donations. Across the nation, neighbors rallied to collect food, clothing, medicines and financial contributions. Schoolchildren completed class projects to help the cause.

Unfortunately, the U.S. government didn't demonstrate the same level of altruism.

President Bush initially offered an embarrassingly low $15 million in aid, but Project Censored found the U.S. government also used the catastrophe to establish a stronger military presence in the area.

The United States currently operates a base out of Diego Garcia -- a former British mandate in the Chagos Archipelago about halfway between Africa and Indonesia, but the lease runs out in 2016. The isle is also "remote and Washington is desperate for an alternative," wrote veteran Indian journalist Rahul Bedi.

A better situated base would help the United States keep closer tabs on China -- which, thanks to its burgeoning economic and military muscle, has emerged as one of this country's greatest potential rivals. It could also fortify an important military launching ground and help consolidate control over potentially lucrative trade routes.

"Consequently, in the name of relief, the U.S. revived the Utapao military base in Thailand it had used during the Vietnam War," Bedi reported. It also "reactivated its military cooperation agreements with Thailand and the Visiting Forces Agreement with the Philippines,"

Last February, the State Department reestablished ties with the notoriously vicious and corrupt Indonesian government -- although human-rights observers charged its military with withholding "food and other relief from civilians suspected of supporting the secessionist insurgency, the Free Aceh Movement," Jim Lobe reported for the Inter Press Service.

Sources: "U.S. Turns Tsunami into Military Strategy," Jane's Foreign Report, February 15, 2005; "U.S. Has Used Tsunami to Boost Aims in Stricken Area," Rahul Bedi, Irish Times, February 8, 2005; "Bush Uses Tsunami Aid to Regain Foothold in Indonesia," Jim Lobe, Inter Press Service, January 18, 2005.

6. The real oil-for-food scam

Last year, right-wingers in Congress began kicking up a fuss about how the United Nations had allegedly allowed Saddam Hussein to rake in $10 billion in illegal cash through the Oil for Food program. Headlines screamed scandal. New York Times columnist William Safire referred to the alleged U.N. con game as "the richest rip-off in world history."

The initial accusations, based on a General Accounting Office report released in April 2004, were later bolstered by a more detailed report commissioned by the CIA.

According to the GAO, Hussein smuggled $6 billion worth of oil out of Iraq -- most of it through the Persian Gulf. At the time, the U.N. fleet charged with intercepting any such smugglers was under direct command of American officers, and consisted overwhelmingly of U.S. Navy ships. In 2001, for example, 90 of its vessels belonged to the United States, while Britain contributed only four, Joy Gordon wrote in a December article for Harper's magazine.

Most of the oil that left Iraq by land did so through Jordan and Turkey -- with the approval of the United States. The first Bush administration informally exempted Jordan from the ban on purchasing Iraqi oil -- an arrangement that provided Hussein with $4.4 billion over 10 years, according to the CIA's own findings. The United States later allowed Iraq to leak another $710 million worth of oil through Turkey -- "all while U.S. planes enforcing no-fly zones flew overhead," Gordon wrote.

Scott Ritter, a U.N. weapons inspector in Iraq during the first six years of economic sanctions against the country, unearthed yet another scam: The United States allegedly allowed an oil company run by Russian foreign minister Yevgeny Primakov's sister to purchase cheap oil from Iraq and resell it to U.S. companies at market value -- purportedly earning Hussein "hundreds of millions" more.

"It has been estimated that 80 percent of the oil illegally smuggled out of Iraq under 'oil for food' ended up in the United States," Ritter wrote in the U.K. Independent.

Sources: "The UN Is Us: Exposing Saddam Hussein's Silent Partner," Joy Gordon, Harper's, December 2004; "The Oil for Food 'Scandal' Is a Cynical Smokescreen," Scott Ritter, UK Independent, December 12, 2004.

7. Journalists face unprecedented dangers to life and livelihood

Last year was the deadliest year for reporters since the International Federation of Journalists began keeping tabs in 1984. A total of 129 media workers lost their lives. Forty-nine of them -- more than a third -- were killed in Iraq.

In short, nonembedded journalists have now become familiar victims of U.S. military actions abroad. The Pentagon has refused to implement basic safeguards to protect journalists who aren't embedded with coalition forces, despite repeated requests by Reuters and media advocacy organizations.

"As far as anyone has yet proved, no commanding officer ever ordered a subordinate to fire on journalists as such," Steve Weissman wrote in an update for Censored 2006. But what can be shown is a pattern of tacit complicity, in partnership with a heavy-handed campaign to curb the rights of journalists to roam freely.

The U.S. military exonerated the army of any wrongdoing in its now-infamous attack on the Palestine Hotel -- which, as the Pentagon knew, functioned as headquarters for about 100 media workers -- when coalition forces rolled into Baghdad on April 8, 2003.

To date, U.S. authorities have not disciplined a single officer or soldier involved in the killing of a journalist, according to Project Censored.

Meanwhile, the interim government the United States installed in Iraq raided and closed down Al-Jazeera's Baghdad offices almost as soon as it took power and banned the network from doing any reporting in the country. In November the interim government ordered news organizations to "stick to the government line on the U.S.-led offensive in Fallujah or face legal action," in an official command sent out on interim prime minister Eyad Allawi's letterhead and quoted in a November report by independent reporter Dahr Jamail.

Both American and interim government forces detained numerous journalists in and around Fallujah that month, often holding them for days.

Sources: "Dead Messengers: How the U.S. Military Threatens Journalists," Steve Weissman,, February 28, 2005; "Media Repression in 'Liberated' Land," Dahr Jamail, Inter Press Service, November 18, 2004.

8. Iraqi farmers threatened by Bremer's mandates

Historians believe humans first learned to farm in the "fertile crescent" of Mesopotamia, where Iraq now lies. "It is here, in around 8500 or 8000 B.C., that mankind first domesticated wheat, here that agriculture was born," wrote Jeremy Smith in the Ecologist. This entire time, "Iraqi farmers have been naturally selecting wheat varieties that work best with their climate . . . and cross-pollinated them with others with different strengths.

"The U.S., however, has decided that, despite 10,000 years practice, Iraqis don't know what wheat works best in their own conditions."

Smith was referring to Order 81, one of 100 directives penned by L. Paul Bremer III, who was then the U.S. administrator in Iraq. The regulation sets criteria for the patenting of seeds that can only be met by multinational companies such as Monsanto or Syngenta, and it grants the patent holder exclusive rights over every aspect of all plant products yielded by those seeds. Because of naturally occurring cross-pollination, the new scheme effectively launches a process whereby Iraqi farmers will soon have to purchase their seeds rather than using those saved from their own crops or bought at the local market.

Native varieties will be replaced by foreign -- and genetically engineered -- seeds, and Iraqi agriculture will become more vulnerable to disease as biological diversity is lost.

Texas A & M University, which brags that its agriculture program is a "world leader" in the use of biotechnology, has already embarked on a $107 million project to "re-educate" Iraqi farmers to grow industrial-sized harvests, for export, using American seeds.

On, Greg Palast identified Order 81 as one of several authored by Bremer that fit nicely into the outlines of a U.S. "Economy Plan," a 101-page blueprint for the economic makeover of Iraq, formulated with ample help from corporate lobbyists. Palast reported that someone inside the State Department leaked the plan to him a month prior to the invasion.

Smith put it simply: "The people whose forefathers first mastered the domestication of wheat will now have to pay for the privilege of growing it for someone else. And with that the world's oldest farming heritage will become just another subsidiary link in the vast American supply chain."

Sources: "Iraq's New Patent Law: A Declaration of War Against Farmers," Focus on the Global South and Grain, Grain, October 2004; "Adventure Capitalism," Greg Palast,, October 26, 2004; "U.S. Seeking to Totally Re-engineer Iraqi Traditional Farming System into a U.S.-Style Corporate Agribusiness," Jeremy Smith, Ecologist, February 4, 2005.

9. Iran's new oil trade system challenges U.S. currency

The Bush administration has been paying a lot more attention to Iran recently. Part of that interest is clearly Iran's nuclear program -- but there may be more to the story. One bit of news that hasn't received the public vetting it merits is Iran's declared intent to open an international oil-exchange market, or "bourse."

Not only would the new entity compete against the New York Mercantile Exchange and London's International Petroleum Exchange (both owned by American corporations), but it would also ignite international oil trading in euros.

"A shift away from U.S. dollars to euros in the oil market would cause the demand for petrodollars to drop, perhaps causing the value of the dollar to plummet," Brian Miller and Celeste Vogler of Project Censored wrote in Censored 2006.

"Russia, Venezuela and some members of OPEC have expressed interest in moving towards a petroeuro system," he said. And it isn't entirely implausible that China, which is "the world's second-largest holder of U.S. currency reserves," might eventually follow suit.

Although China, as a major exporter of goods to the United States, has a vested interest in helping shore up the American economy and has even linked its own currency, the yuan, to the dollar, it has also become increasingly dependent on Iranian oil and gas.

"Barring a U.S. attack, it appears imminent that Iran's euro-dominated oil bourse will open in March 2006," Miller and Vogler continued. "Logically, the most appropriate U.S. strategy is compromise with the EU and OPEC towards a dual-currency system for international oil trades."

You won't hear any discussion of that alternative on the six o'clock news.

Source: "Iran Next U.S. Target," William Clark,, October 27, 2004.

10. Mountaintop removal threatens ecosystem and economy

On August 15, environmental activists created a human blockade by locking themselves to drilling equipment, obstructing the National Coal Corp.'s access to a strip mine in the Appalachian mountains 40 miles north of Knoxville. It was the latest move in a protracted campaign environmentalists insist has national implications but that has been ignored by the media outside the immediate area.

Under contention is a technique wherein entire mountaintops are removed using explosives to access the coal underneath. The practice, which is devastating for the local ecosystem, could become much more widespread.

As it stands, 93 new coal plants are in the works nationwide, according to Project Censored's findings. "Areas incredibly rich in biodiversity are being turned into the biological equivalent of parking lots," wrote John Conner of the Kat√∫ah branch of Earth First! -- which has been throwing all its energies into direct-action campaigns to block the project -- in Censored 2006. "It is the final solution for 200-million-year-old mountains."

Source: "See You in the Mountains: Kat√∫ah Earth First! Confronts Mountaintop Removal," John Conner, Earth First!, November-December, 2004.


11. Mandatory mental-screening program usurps parental rights

Sources: "Bush Plans to Screen Whole U.S. Population for Mental Illness," Jeanne Lenzer, Asheville Global Report, June 24-30, 2004; "Forcing Kids Into a Mental Health Ghetto," Congressman Ron Paul, Truth News, September 13, 2004.

12. Military in Iraq contracts human-rights violators

Sources: "Dirty Warriors: How South African Hitmen, Serbian Paramilitaries and other Human Rights Violators Became Guns for Hire for Military Contractors in Iraq," Barry Yeoman, Mother Jones, November-December 2004; "Intelligence, Inc.," Pratap Chatterjee,, March 7, 2005; "Untested Law Key in Iraqi Abuse Scandal," Jonathan Groner,, May 11, 2004.

13. Rich countries fail to live up to global pledges

Sources: "Poor are Paying the Price of Rich Countries' Failure," Caroline Green, Oxfam press release, December 6, 2004; "45 Million Children to Die in Next Decade Due to Rich Countries' Miserliness," Jim Lobe, Inter Press Service,, December 6, 2004.

14. Corporations win big on tort reform, justice suffers

Sources: "Supremes Limit Punitive Damages," Jamie Court, Dollars and Sense, March-April, 2004; "Tort Reform: The Big Payoff for Corporations, Curbing the Lawsuits That Hold Them Accountable," Amy Goodman et al. (Juan Gonzalez interview with Joanne Doroshow), Democracy Now!, February 4, 2005.

15. Conservative plan to override academic freedom in the classroom

Source: "The New PC," Russell Jacoby, The Nation, April 4, 2005.

16. U.S. plans for hemispheric integration include Canada

Sources: "Is the Annexation of Canada Part of Bush's Military Agenda?", Michel Chossudovsky, Centre for Research on Globalisation, November 23, 2004; "Canada's Chance to Keep Space for Peace," Bruce K. Gagnon, Canadian Dimension, January-February, 2005.

17. U.S. uses South American military bases to expand control of the region

Sources: "What's the Deal at Manta," Michael Flynn, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, January-February, 2005; "Creeping Militarization in the Americas," Adam Isacson, Lisa Haugaard, and Joy Olson, NACLA Report on the Americas, November-December, 2004; "Colombia: A Shill (Proxy) Country for U.S. Intervention in Venezuela," Sohan Sharma and Surinder Kumar, Z Magazine, December 29, 2004.

18. Little-known stock fraud could weaken U.S. economy

Sources: "Naked Short Selling Is a Plague for Businesses and Investors," David Hendricks, San Antonio Express News, March 2, 2005; "Who's Behind Naked Shorting?", Karl Theil,, March 30, 2005; "SEC's Donaldson Addresses Liquidity Fraud," Dave Patch, Financial Wire, Stockgate Today, September 20, 2004; "Dateline NBC Cancelled and Attorney Accuses DTCC of Cheap Thuggery," Dave Patch, Financial Wire, Stockgate Today, April 7, 2005.

19. Child wards of the state used in AIDS experiments

Sources: "UK Firm Tried HIV Drug on Orphans," Antony Barnett, UK Observer, April 4, 2004; "Guinea Pig Kids: How New York City is Using Children to Test Experimental AIDS Drugs," Democracy Now! December 2004.

20. American Indians sue for resources; compensation provided to others

Sources: "Trust Us, We're the Government: How to Make $137 Billion of Indian Money Disappear," Brian Awehali, LiP, Winter 2004; "Despite Wealth of Resources, Many Tribes Still Live in Poverty," Angie Wagner, News from Indian Country, March 8, 2004.

21. New immigration plan favors business over people

Sources: "How U.S. Corporations Won the Debate over Immigration," David Bacon, Inter Hemispheric Resource Center, November 16, 2004, and Washington Free Press, November-December, 2004; "Migrants No More," Maggie Jones,, November 11, 2004.

22. Nanotechnology offers exciting possibilities but health effects need scrutiny

Source: "The Dark Side of Small," Richard Monastersky, Chronicle of Higher Education, September 10, 2004.

23. Plight of Palestinian child detainees highlights global problem

Sources: "Control & Resistance: Palestinian Child Prisoners," Catherine Cook, Adah Kay and Adam Hanieh, Left Turn, December 2004; "Palestinians Want an End to Their Solitary Confinement," Karma Nabulsi, UK Guardian, August 28, 2004.

24. Ethiopian indigenous victims of corporate and government resource aspirations

Sources: "State Terror in Ethiopia: Another Secret War for Oil?", Keith Harmon Snow, World War 4 Report, April 2004, and Z Magazine Online, May 2004.

25. Homeland Security was designed to fail

Sources: "Red Alert," Matthew Brzezinski, Mother Jones, September-October, 2004; "Fortress America: On the Front Lines of Homeland Security," interview with Matthew Brzezinski, National Public Radio, September 24, 2004.

We're still dubious.